In creating the sophisticated Ka-50 battle helicopter in 1977 at the time the fleet of the Soviet Army’s combat helicopters was composed of Mi- 24s. In regards to performance they might not test the brand-new American AH- 64 “Apache” fire support helicopter, which was at that time being created. A number of helicopter arrangements and also were examined, as “Kamov” designers attempted to produce a brand-new premium battle maker. The experience in Vietnam and in Afghanistan had actually disclosed the low survivability of the classic single-rotor helicopter because of its prone tail rotor and prolonged rotor drive.
The benefits of an aerodynamically balanced coaxial primary rotor came to the fore. Such a rotor guarantees much easier helicopter control both in the handbook as well as, extra significantly, automated mode, excellent manoeuvrability, take-off and also landing in gusty climate. Additionally, the coaxial rotor significantly boosts helicopter survivability, makes the blades drive more portable and significantly lowers engine power losses. Today, Ka-50 is the world’s ideal helicopter in terms of efficient use engine power.
Many of us with no question can remember among Russia’s MiG-29 and its world well-known feat aerobatics nicknamed “the bell”, or Su-27’s “Pugachov cobra”, which shock both professionals and also spectators. Ka- 50 likewise has its very own aerobatic our de force: no other machine can implement the so-called “funnel” as perfectly as Ka-50. In actual reality, the “funnel” is an aspect of aerobatics, ensuring focus of helicopter fire on pinpoint targets. Moreover, constant variation of the helicopter in the “channel” in azimuth and also elevation makes adversary timing extremely tough. The Ka-50 can sideslip at 80 km/h or relocate backwards at 90 km/h. It just takes a few secs to reverse trip instructions. Ka-50 is the only craft worldwide which can hover motionlessly for twelve hours one by one! The priorities of the “Kamov” company extend much past its unparalleled experience in the concept as well as method of building coaxial rotor helicopters. In 1965, the business started releasing fibre glass rotor blades in their helicopters 10 years before the rest of the world. Similar 4th- generation blades are currently being set up in Ka-50. One of the Ka- 50’s rotor blades endured 30 openings caused by automatic gunfire to check the helicopter’s survivability. The craft continued flying for 80 mishap- free hours.
The Ka-50’s fight power is based essentially on anti-tank guided missiles and also cannon fire. Often, then a helicopter attacks storage tanks, it comes to be a good adversary target. Ka- 50 is able to counter this threat with its “Vikhr” supersonic anti-tank projectiles, with an optimal series of 10 km. This weapon helps in reducing the time spent by the helicopter in the firing area, exceeding at the exact same time the effective range of adversary anti-aircraft rockets. The combination warhead of the supersonic rocket consists of a number of different fuses. All these variables, integrated with a high-accuracy jam-proof assistance system, ensures effective involvement of different targets, including armoured targets (with dynamically shielded armour approximately 900 mm thick) as well as air-borne targets flying at a speed of as much as 800 km/h, utilizing the very same type of ammo. The missile is renowned for its stealth: the adversary only identifies the strike when struck. This weapon is characterized by reduced gets, which might well be used to improve its combat capabilities. Substantial firing examinations have proved the excellent top qualities of the automatic guidance system: small-size targets are defeated at optimal ranges much more properly.
The effective 30 mm gun was obtained from the Army and also in terms of ammunition totally standardized with the one used in the BMP-2 mechanized infantry 6.5 grendel ammo for sale lorry. The 2A42 gun has a selectable rate of fire as well as permits selective ammunition supply from two boxes packed with armour-piercing and also high-explosive sounds. Such style boosts weapon effectiveness by more than 30 per cent in fire versus light armour or air-borne targets. The barrel life allows one to discharge the full 500-round tons uninterruptedly without intermediate air conditioning. The BMP-2’s and the Army battle helicopter’s weapon mount has confirmed reputable in conditions of extreme dirt. The weapon arrangement in Ka-50 is rather uncommon. To protect high precision of fire in addition to various other amazing homes, the weapon is set up in the helicopter’s center of gravity.
This guarantees stamina requirements and gets rid of any kind of requirement for added support of the framework. Furthermore, this element helps reduce the recoil effect, helicopter weight and also retain the center of gravity, as the rounds are used up. The electro hydraulic servo drive attends to the upright and also horizontal motions of the barrel to preserve the line of fire. The 2A42 guns place “Kamov” specialists in the growth and procedure of avionics. The contract for an incorporated digital weapons control as well as avionics system was granted to a specialized firm, which established comparable systems for MiG as well as Su single-seat boxers. The Ka-50’s staff was therefore and also the “Vikhr” projectiles are created by a group of weapon designers headed by A.G. Shipunov, equivalent Participant of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
Numerous Ka-50 armament variations have actually been proposed to better adapt the craft to the existing fleet of military battle helicopters and also allow firing against various targets. Ordnance things are affixed to 4 suspension installations, which can obtain basically any air-borne weapon: pylon locks’ load-carrying capacity makes up the only restriction. To utilize the entire ordnance array, no adjustments in the design or algorithm of the weapons control system are needed.
The tool pylons can be tilted. Owing to a 10-degree downward deflection, the pylons can convey, to a particular degree, brand-new buildings to the conventional weapons put on hold on them. Gas tanks might be depended on all suspension fittings, whenever needed.
For battle helicopter team procedures, Ka-50 has the requisite tools and obtains reconnaissance information from various assistance systems. The received data are also presented on the windshield indication.